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California is the most populous state of the United States. Located on the Pacific coast of North America, it is bordered by Oregon, Nevada, Arizona and Mexico. California is known for its pleasant climate and ethnically diverse population. The name California is most commonly believed derived from a storied paradise peopled by black Amazons and ruled by Queen Califia.
Brea is a city in Orange County, California, United States. The population was reported as 35,410 in the 2000 census. The city began as a center of crude oil production and was later propelled by citrus production, and is now an important retail center because of the enormous Brea Mall, and the recently redeveloped Brea Downtown. 38,465.
The area was visited in 1769 by Gaspar de Portola. A historical marker dedicated to his visit stands in Brea Canyon just north of town. He noted the local Native Americans as dirty without realizing that they used crude oil bubbling up in the canyon as topical medicine. The village of Olinda was founded in present-day Carbon Canyon at the beginning of the 19th century and many entrepreneurs came to the area searching for black gold petroleum. In 1894, the owner of the land, Abel Stearns, sold 1200 acres to the west of Olinda to the newly-created Union Oil Company, and by 1898 many nearby hills began sporting wooden oil-drilling towers.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.3 square kilometers, out of which 27.3 square kilometers of its area is covered by land and 0.09 percent  is water. In the city the population was spread out with 25.6 percent under the age of 18, 8.5 percent from 18 to 24, 30.4 percent from 25 to 44, 24.1 percent from 45 to 64, and 11.4 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.
Brea, justifiably so, enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers, and is one of the most visited place. It is also said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origin back to prehistoric times.

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